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Driving Lessons Adelaide September-21-2013




Hand Over Hand Steering

Pull Push Steering

Common VORT Mistakes

Here are some common faults that people make when taking the VORT test.

Mirror faults (M):

 Failing to check the centre mirror prior to signalling or braking


Signal faults (S):

 Failing to signal for a reasonable time before slowing to turn


Approach faults (A):

 Approaching an intersection to turn too quickly causing the vehicle to go around the corner roughly or not allowing sufficient time to make observations prior to the turn

 Approaching an intersection to stop or give way too quickly causing the car to stop abruptly or jerk unnecessarily


Position faults (P):

Incorrect positioning (too far forward/back or to the left/right);

 Prior to turning left or right at an intersection

 At a give way or stop sign

 Turning right from a laned road

 Entering a busy laned road


Observation faults (O):

 Failing to look in both directions when turning at an intersection, including at traffic lights and roundabouts

 Failing to do a blind spot check before changing lanes


Judgement faults (J):

Missing an opportunity or choosing a gap causing minor adjustment of speed of other road users when:

 Entering a busy road

 Turning right from a busy road

 Turning right at a traffic light


Sequence faults (Q):

 Failing to follow the correct sequence for the SOCC

 Signaling before checking the mirror when turning

 Signaling after checking the blind spot during a lane change


Vehicle Control (VC):

 Unable to use all of the controls competently

 Unable to use the windscreen wipers, hazard lights and air conditioner/heater when required



 Unable to use the brakes and accelerator competently to provide a smooth ride without unnecessary jerking and jolting

 Unable to select the correct gear when required


Safety Margins (Marg):

Traveling too close when;

 Following another vehicle

 Passing another road user or stationary object

 Stopping behind another vehicle


Progress (Prog):

 Driving along the road and through intersections at an unreasonable speed which causes obstruction to other road users



 Dealing with unusual situations inappropriately or awkwardly

 Moving around a bus at a bus stop

 Moving past a garbage truck

 Moving out to the way of an emergency vehicle


Immediate Fail Items

Here is a list of common road law breaches that result in an immediate fail:

Moving off from the kerb:

 Failing to signal for five seconds when moving off from a stationary postion


Stop signs:

 Failing to stop

 Failing to stop behind the stop line


Straddling the lane lines:

 Moving across a lane line (even just a little bit) without signaling/signaling long enough and giving way to traffic in the other lane

 When changing lanes

 When moving around parked cars on a laned road


Exceeds speed limits by any amount including:

 School zones where children present

 Roadworks


Safety margins:

 Getting too close to any object for the speed of the vehicle

 Tailgating

 Passing parked cars closer than 1.2m when driving at 50-60 km/h

 Passing a bicycle closer than 1m when driving under 60km/h (1.5m over 60km/h)


Obstruction/give way:

Causing another vehicle to slow or change direction when it has the right of way when;


 Changing lanes

 Entering a busy road

 Turning right from a busy road or a traffic light intersection



 Failing to signal when turning

 Failing to indicate when leaving a roundabout


Disobeying traffic lights, signs and road markings:

 Failing to give way at a give way sign

 Failing to stop behind the stop line

 Failing to proceed at a green light (including a green arrow)

 Mounting a kerb or traffic island


Driving in a manner dangerous or driving with undue care and attention:

 Use your imagination here


Failing to comply with reasonable direction:

 When asked to do a low speed manoeuvre, given a reasonable amount of time and distance to demonstrate it

 Ignoring directions repeatedly


Intervention by the examiner:

Verbally or physically to:

 Prevent a collision

 Prevent a dangerous situation occurring

 Gain control of the car

 Prevent a continuing traffic offence

 Prevent confusion to other road users (often due to giving way unnecessarily)

 Assist in operating the car controls (e.g. demisters, wipers)


The Maneuvers

The following collection of lists documents the minimum requirements that must be met for each low speed manoeuvre.

Moving off uphill (Tasks 3 & 9)

1. Checks centre mirror

2. Applies indicator for 5 seconds or more

3. Checks centre mirror

4. Blind spot check for traffic

5. If safe, releases the handbrake

6. Accelerates smoothly away from the kerb and cancels signal


U-Turn (Tasks 10 & 27)

1. Selects a suitable, safe and legal location to commence the U turn

2. Checks the centre mirror and signals intention in reasonable time (5 seconds if leaving from the left kerb)



3. Positions vehicle appropriately, safely and legally prior to and on completing the turn

4. Does not unduly inconvenience other road users

5. Checks for traffic in appropriate directions at appropriate times (E.g. Blind spot if applicable)

6. Maintains full control of the vehicle throughout the turn


NOTE 1: If another vehicle pulls up behind then the driver must abandon the U-turn and just turn right, into the side road. While it is not strictly illegal to do a U-turn if there is a car behind, it can prove to be a dangerous undertaking.

NOTE 2: Also if another vehicle is waiting to turn right from a side road which will be used for the U-turn then the driver must abandon the U-turn and turn right. Apart from being a dangerous situation the driver must give way to the right turning vehicle and not cause confusion by cutting in front of them.

3-Point Turn

1. Selects a suitable, safe and legal position to start turn

2. Complies with the moving off procedure;

a. Centre mirror

b. Signal for 5 seconds

c. Centre mirror

d. Blind spot check; and

e. Smooth take off (handbrake optional if required to stop rolling)

3. Proceeds across the road under full control without affecting other traffic

4. Steers quickly to the left (best practice – about a metre from the right kerb)

5. Selects the appropriate gear for reversing

6. Then uses the handbrake to avoid rolling when necessary

7. Checks right, left and behind just before and while reversing (a 360-degree check)

8. Proceeds across road in reverse under full control

9. Steers quickly to the right and prepares to move off down the road without any additional steering (except for straightening)

10. Selects first or drive gear and then uses the handbrake to avoid rolling (where necessary)

11. Checks left and right just before driving forward under full control

12. Obstructs no other traffic unnecessarily during the turn


NOTE: The vehicle must not touch any kerb and must stay within the boundaries as stated by the examiner (e.g. Between the kerbs)

Angle Parking


1. Checks the centre mirror before signalling

2. Positions vehicle appropriately (See note below) and wholly within the designated parking bay

3. Demonstrates appropriate observation patterns

4. Stops the vehicle so that the front of it is not more than 300 mm from the kerb or end of the parking bay, but not over the kerb or end of bay



1. Observes left, right and behind, before moving the vehicle and during reversing

2. Completes the manoeuvre in one attempt where sufficient space is available and substantially clears adjacent bays

3. Reverses vehicle for only such a distance as is necessary to complete the moving off in the required direction (e.g. Approximately 45 degrees, depending on the position of adjacent obstacles)



4. Positions the wheels of the vehicle at the completion of the reversing so that it can be driven in the intended direction with less than one further turn of the wheel (any straightening of the wheels is acceptable)

5. Observes in the appropriate directions (behind, to the sides and forward) and signals (if appropriate) before moving off.


NOTE: Appropriately parked is defined as:

 Wholly within the parking bay

 No more than 300 mm out of parallel with the marked parking bay lines and with the wheels straight

 The front of the vehicle must be within 300 mm of the end of the bay and not over the end of the bay


Reverse Parallel Parking


1. Checks right and left blind spots and behind, by turning around prior to and during reversing

2. Uses the moving off procedure;

a. centre mirror

b. signal for 5 seconds

c. centre mirror

d. blind spot check; and

e. smooth take off (handbrake optional if required to stop rolling) for leaving the bay



1. Before reversing checks right and left blind spots and behind, by turning around prior to and during reversing

2. Before turning the wheel to the left (to move around the front pole) checks left and right blind spots and forward for other road users

3. Completes the parking exercise with no more than two changes of direction after commencing reversing (e.g. Backwards, forwards and then backwards)

4. Does not touch any pole, allow any part of the vehicle to pass between a pole and the kerb, or touch the kerb with a wheel.

5. Finishes in a position with the left wheels of the vehicle within 300 mm of the kerb and the vehicle no closer than 900 mm from either pole (Note: doesn’t say anything about having the wheels straight)


NOTE: For all low speed manoeuvres

 The manoeuvres must be done in the exact sequence described

 The vehicle must not roll contrary to the intended direction of movement

 The driver must give way to all road users when performing these low speed manoeuvres. This means that they must not start any manoeuvre if another road user is close enough to be affected by the driver’s vehicle (e.g. causing a change of speed or direction).

 If after commencing a manoeuvre another road users approaches from any direction the driver should allow them to pass by.

 The driver can only continue the manoeuvre when another road user is present if road user stops with the intention of forfeiting their right of way.